As a career, law has a distinguished status from other courses. Successful law students not only get opportunity to make a well established career; but also have the responsibility for this society. As the Lawyers play an important role in society through the practice of law; Indian education ministry also showing special interest in spreading the law education. Apex body of Indian university education system University Grants Commission (UGC) is finalizing a plan to introduce law study in undergraduate colleges across India.
There was a time when the only options we heard of with regard to law, was civil or criminal. Now things have changed tremendously, and the options after gaining a law degree are immense, and are continuously growing in India as more and more multinationals open up here. Today the practice of law takes in several forms. The ways in which lawyers apply their expertise can be broadly categorized into the following practice types: Private Practice: involves working alone or with partners in a firm to provide legal services to clients (individuals or corporations); some lawyers specialize in one or more practice areas while others engage in general practice. Public Interest Law: serves low-income individuals, marginalized groups and social causes; practitioners may work for advocacy groups, legal aid clinics and other organizations with the goal of advancing an interest of the public. Government Counsel: governments hire lawyers for legal advice and representation; lawyers directly employed by the government may work for ministries, government agencies and crown corporations. Corporate Counsel: corporations can employ lawyers as in-house counsel; an in-house counsel works for a single company to advice on legal matters related to its business activities.
Although LLB is the most known degree in law. But in addition to LL.B. degree, many universities and institutes also offer other diploma courses in several disciplines of law, including Administrative Law, International Law, Labour Laws, Tax Laws and Corporate Laws. There are various branches of specialization in law like civil law, criminal law, corporate law, property law, income tax law, marine law, public international law, family law, labour law, press law, excise law, constitutional law, administration law, sale of goods law, trade mark, copyright and patent law etc. one can choose from. Minimum qualification to go for a course in law (LLB) is 10+2. Course duration is of 5 years and is sponsored by the Bar Council of India. P.G. Programmes in law (LLM) are of 2 years duration & eligibility is LLB degree
Generally, law firms employ fresh graduates as apprentices or assistants. During the final year of the course, a candidate takes up apprenticeship. After two years of articleship, the apprentice appears for an examination of articled clerk conducted by the Law Society. Plunging into private practice immediately after graduation is practically impossible, unless there is a ready-made family firm. It generally takes several years under an advocate or solicitor before a person is ready to branch off into his own practice. There are plenty of opportunities in private industry. There is also the possibility of becoming legal consultants (part time or full time) for companies. Opportunities are aplenty in government service. A candidate who qualifies in the Law Service Commission or State Public Service Commission is eligible for appointment in government job.